Terpenoids, most commonly referred to as terpenes, are the aromatic compounds found within cannabis that gives each strain its varying flavorings and fragrances. The terpenes are essential oils found in the resin glands of cannabis flowers, the same glands that produce THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids. However, terpenes are not exclusive to cannabis and can also be found in many herbs, spices, fruits, and plants. Terpenes have been used by herbalists and apothecaries for centuries in herbal and natural remedies, such as aromatherapy.
For cannabis products, terpenes are often used to describe unique flavor and aromatic profiles to help identify the medicinal benefits of each strain. Terpenes can actually help modulate the medicinal effects of cannabinoids. Most noticeably, lemony and citrus aromas are favored for increased mood and attitude while piney aromas promote mental clarity and memory retention. Terpenes found in combination of cannabinoids produce the medicinal effects patients seek in different varieties of cannabis.